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The Real-World Science Supplement
to Scholastic News.
the force produced by pressing on something
The weight of water above causes crushing pressure at the ocean’s floor.
an underwater vehicle
Scientists travel in the submersible Alvin to explore the deep sea.
an opening in the seafloor where hot fluid escapes, warming the surrounding water
Life is able to survive in the deep sea because of the warmth given off by hydrothermal vents.
melted rock beneath Earth’s surface
A layer hot magma lies beneath Earth’s surface.
creatures too small to be seen without special tools, like a microscope
You need a microscope to be able to see microbes.
a network of plants and animals in which each feeds on the one below it
Microbes form the base of the food web in the deep sea.